“And David was afraid of the Lord that day, and said, How shall the ark of the Lord come to me?…” (2 Sam. 6:9).
The second problem is the sons of Kohath were given the charge to transport the ark and its contents only (Num. 4:15). The Levites were not permitted to touch any holy thing, especially the Ark of the Covenant (Num. 18:3). The commandment to physically handle the holy vessels and contents of the Ark was assigned to the High Priest and his sons (Num. 4:4,15). Therefore, no earlier consideration was given to how to conduct themselves in this processional (mistake #1), and this led to an honest mistake being made by Uzzah who was merely trying to protect the things of God.
However, Uzzah was a Levite, which means that he should have been well instructed on how to approach his office. His attempt to prevent the Ark from falling to the ground is overshadowed by his Levitical instruction because he should have known that the Ark was to be carried upon the shoulders and place on a cart pulled by oxen (mistake #2). This disregard for God’s instruction ultimately led to his immediate death and the suspension from further movement.
(…to be continued…)